List of Major Largest Dams and Reservoirs in India
- Tehri Dam is the biggest dam in Asia.
- It is situated on Bhagirathi river in Uttarakhand, India.
- It is rock and earth filled massive water barrier.
- It is a multi-purpose rock and earth-fill embankment dam on the Bhagirathi River near Tehri in Uttarakhand, India.
- It is the primary dam of the THDC India Ltd. and the Tehri hydroelectric complex.
STORAGE CAPACITY (MCM): 3540
- The Cheruthoni Dam, located in Idukki District, Kerala, India, is a 138m tall concrete gravity dam.
- This dam was constructed as part of the Idukki Hydroelectric Project along with two other dams at Idukki and Kulamavu.
- The water impounded by these three dams of Idukki, Cheruthoni & Kulamavu has formed a single reservoir spread over 60km on a height of 2300 ft above Mean Seal Level.
STORAGE CAPACITY (MCM): 1996
Bhakra Nangal Dam
- Bhakra Dam is a concrete gravity dam across the Sutlej River, and is in Bilaspur, Himachal Pradesh in northern India.
- Bhakra Nangal Dam is something tremendous, stupendous and something which will shake you up when you see it.
- It’s one of the biggest multipurpose projects in the world positioned at the close proximity of Nangal Punjab and Naya Nangal.
- It is covered by lush green surroundings of Aravalli and Shivalik hills having diverse flora and fauna to watch out.
Naina Devi temple is just 8 kms above the dam.
- Hirakud Dam is built across the Mahanadi River, about 15 km from Sambalpur in the state of Odisha in India.
- Behind the dam extends a lake, Hirakud Reservoir, 55 km long.
- It is one of the first major multipurpose river valley projects started after India’s independence.
- It has a reservoir spread of 743 sq km at full reservoir level and the reservoir has a storage of 5818 M. Cum with gross of 8136 M Cum.
- Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam.
- It was built on the Krishna River at Nagarjuna Sagar in between Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh state and Nalgonda district of Telangana state.
- And is one of the largest networks of canal systems.
- This mighty Nagarjuna dam, which was completed in 1969, owing to its confounding height of 124 meters, and 1 km long, and has 26 crest gates.
- Nagarjunasagar Dam can store up to 11, 472 million cubic meters in its reservoir.
STORAGE CAPACITY (MCM): 11472
Sardar Sarovar Dam
- The Sardar Sarovar Dam is a gravity dam on the Narmada River near Navagam, Gujarat in India.
- It is the largest dam and part of the Narmada Valley Project, a large hydraulic engineering project involving the construction of a series of large irrigation and hydroelectric multi-purpose dams on the Narmada River.
- The project took form in 1979 as part of a development scheme to increase irrigation and produce hydroelectricity.
STORAGE CAPACITY (MCM): 9500
Indira Sagar Dam
- Indira sagar dam built on the Narmada river with a height of 92m. is concrete gravity dam, located in Khandwa district of Madhya Pradesh.
- Indira sagar project was the key project on Narmada river providing excellent storage site of water.
- Indira Sagar Dam has the biggest reservoir in India.
- The Dam is proposed on the main river near village Narmadanagar of Punasa Block in the District.
- Omkareshwar and Maheshwar projects are proposed in the downstream to utilize the regulated releases of Indira Sagar project of irrigation and power generation.
- Krishna Raja Sagara, also popularly known as KRS, is the name of both a lake and the dam that creates it.
- It is located close to the settlement of Krishnarajasagara.
- The dam is across Kaveri River, in Mandya District near Mysore in Karnataka state, India.
- There is an ornamental garden attached to the dam, called Brindavan Gardens.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 200 MW
- The Mettur Dam is one of the largest dams in India built in 1934.
- It was constructed in a gorge, where the Kaveri River enters the plains.
- The dam is one of the oldest in India.
- It provides irrigation facilities to parts of Salem, the length of Erode, Namakkal, Karur, Tiruchirappali and Thanjavur district.
- Mettur Dam is very beautiful place of tourist, the river is a wonderful site to explorer the nature.
- The greatest dam of Rajasthan-Bisalpur, located in Tonk District of Rajasthan.
- The dam is built across the Banas River between two mountains.
- The largest dam of Rajasthan-Bisalpur with a height of 39m is one of the honor of Rajasthan.
- Tonk dam attract vast variety of birds local as well as migratory.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 172 MW
- The Koyna Dam is one of the largest dams in Maharashtra, India.
- It is a rubble-concrete dam constructed on Koyna River which rises in Mahabaleshwar, a hillstation in Sahyadri ranges.
- It is located in Koyna Nagar, Satara district, nestled in the Western Ghats on the state highway between Chiplun and Karad.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 1,920 MW
- Maithon Dam is built on the river of Barakar located at Maithon and is a big dam in tribal state Jharkhand.
- Maithon Dam is one of the most popular dams in Jharkhand and one of the most successful multipurpose projects in India.
- This dam specially designed for flood control and generates high electric power.
- Maithon Dam is the biggest reservoir in the Damodar Valley.
- Rihand Dam is a concrete gravity dam located at Pipri in Sonbhadra District in Uttar Pradesh, India.
- Its reservoir area is on the border of Madhya pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.
- This reservoir is known as Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar.
- It is on the Rihand River which is the tributary of the Son River.
- The catchment area of this dam is spread in Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh & Chhattisgarh whereas it supplies irrigation water in Bihar located in the downstream of the river.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 300 MW
- TungaBhadra dam is constructed across river Tungabhadra, a tributary of River Krishna, located approximately five km from Hospet town in Karnataka, which is also the largest dam in Karnataka.
- It offers a majestic sight, along with a Japanese garden, musical mountain and a beautiful scenery of nature.
- It is a multipurpose dam serving irrigation, electricity generation, flood control, etc.
- Bhavanisagar Dam and Reservoir also called Lower Bhavani Dam, is located on the Bhavani River in Erode district, Tamil Nadu, India.
- This dam looks very beautiful and one of the important tourist place in the district of Erode.
- The Bhavanisagar dam is 8 km. long and it is the longest masonry dam in the world.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 1,920 MW
- The Idukki Dam, located in Kerala, tall arch dam.
- It was constructed and is owned by the Kerala State Electricity Board.
- It supports a 780 MW hydroelectric power station in Moolamattom.
- This dam was constructed along with two other dams at Cheruthoni and Kulamavu.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 780 MW
- The Srisailam Dam is a dam constructed across the Krishna River in the border of Mahabubnagar District, Telangana and Kurnool district, Andhra Pradesh in India and is the 3rd largest capacity hydroelectric project in the country.
- The Srisailam project began in 1960, initially as a power project, across the Krishna, near Srisailam.
- The Srisailam Dam is a manmade marvel that has become one of the main tourist attractions of the area.
- This is not only because of the structure of the dam but also the effort that was put in into making the dam.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 1,670 MW
Banasura Sagar Dam
- It is the largest earth dam in India and the second largest of its kind in Asia.
- The dam is made up of massive stacks of stones and boulders.
- Banasura Sagar Dam consisting of a dam and a canal began operating as part of the Indian Banasura Sagar Project.
- It aims at supporting the Kakkayam Hydro electric power project and also contributes to the irrigation and drinking water requirements of the people during summer, if there is water shortage.
Ranjit Sagar Dam
- The Ranjit Sagar Dam, also known as the Thein Dam, is part of a hydroelectric project constructed by the Government of Punjab on the Ravi River in the state of Punjab.
- The project is situated near Pathankot city in Pathankot district of the state of Punjab.
- The project is the largest hydroelectric dam in the state of Punjab.
- The dam has potentially increased the tourism.
- The dam serves as a great tourist attraction with amazing water spots and fisheries.
- The Ukai Dam, constructed across the Tapti River, is the largest reservoir in Gujarat.
- It is also known as Vallabh Sagar.
- Constructed in 1972, the dam is meant for irrigation, power generation and flood control.
INSTALLED CAPACITY: 300 MW